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Vangardist, a lifestyle German magazine printed the issue in accordance with the famed Life Ball in Vienna, which raises funds for HIV/AIDS issues, Jason Romeyko said, the creative director of Saatchi and Saatchi, who in collaboration with Vangardist team, who developed the idea.

The goal was to challenge the readers’ stigma about the incurable disease and to get people be made aware again, as people seem to talk rarely about it anymore, except perhaps only during World AIDS Day,  Romeyko said.

Romeyko told ABC News, “People feel that the problem is solved and feel nothing is happening.”

To generate the “HIV+” issue, the creative editorial team utilized  blood of three HIV-positive donors, with  the goal to find individuals who represent a range of HIV-positive people. The donors include an older straight man who did not reveal publicly his status, a single mom who contracted the disease from her ex-husband and a young gay male, he said.

To use the blood safely, the donors were taken to the University of Innsbrook, Austria, where a legal representative oversaw the process of blood extraction and pasteurization, according to Romeyko.

Romeyko said the HIV virus would have died  30 minutes after extraction from the body, but the pasteurization was performed to render the blood more safer still.

But the difficult part was finding a printer, willing to print the HIV positive issue, said Romeyko.

As some people thought the idea to be extremely gross or morbid, “Then we found one great printer who printed the first edition of the Vangardist magazine,” said Romeyko.

The team devised a method of adding blood to the ink and dye powder used to make the magazine, he said. “We printed 3,000, distributed to subscribers and auctioned off for charity and sold for charity,” added Romeyko.

Although additional copies of the issue were printed which did not contain the blood-infused ink.  However, Romeyko said the issue is conceptualized so that people faced with the idea of holding an “issue of HIV” in their hands.

Source: http://kticradio.com/abc_world/german-magazine-uses-hiv-blood-to-print-issue-abcid35327473/

 

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In a study published recently in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, scientists pored over data of 1,636 women who have breast cancer by engaging a scientific analytical questionnaire with regards to breastfeeding.

In the recently concluded research involving women who have breast cancers, scientists are in agreement that breastfeeding moms have a distinct advantage over those who does not. Those mothers who practice breastfeeding are  less likely to suffer cancer recurrence as compared to non-breast feeding mothers.

Breastfeeding has an excellent cancer retardation effect in certain types of tumors, which  includes those hormone induced type. Cancer seems to have a lesser effect on women who engage in breastfeeding for more than 6 months.

Marilyn Kwan, lead team researcher, hails from the US and is a health care provider at Kaiser Permanente said, “This is the first study we are aware of that examined the role of breastfeeding history in cancer recurrence, and by tumor subtype. Women who breastfeed are more likely to get the Luminal A subtype of breast cancer, which is less aggressive, and breastfeeding may set up a molecular environment that makes the tumor more responsive to anti-estrogen therapy.”

While Co-author Bette Caan said,  “Breastfeeding may increase the maturation of ductal cells in the breast, making them less susceptible to carcinogens or facilitate the excretion of carcinogens, and lead to slower growing tumors.”

The tumor seems to retard its spread to other body parts and can often be managed by drugs which includes aromatase  and tamoxifen inhibitors.

Cancer relapse can not only be reduced by breastfeeding by about 30%, it also diminishes the risk of death by 28%. The longevity of breastfeeding activity  is a protection against cancer.

Despite the fact that  breastfeeding gives babies with adequate nutritional requirements they need for growth, it also provides natural antibodies for babies to help them overcome illnesses caused by viruses and bacteria. And now, the protective power of breastfeeding is an added incentive, against the effects of cancer on mothers.

 

Source: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/293253.php

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A beetle species with a built in machine gun at its rear end and spray attackers when under fire sounds like a twisted  plot from a sci-fi movie.  But the truth is, they really do exist.

No matter what the occasion is, the bombardier beetle always feels danger.  Researchers have discovered that the miniscule bug impersonates a powerful weapon by mingling chemicals in a reaction chamber located in its stomach.

When endangered, the diminutive beetle is able to repeatedly shoot streams of a foul smelling fluid from its behind, complete with “gun smoke”.

It even accurately aims the spigot at threat.

Researchers from all over the globe studied this and found out that this tiny insect is far smarter and more intelligent than it appears to be.

A video captured and recorded images his peculiar behavior of releasing that gun smoke.

According to the researchers, the insect release a kind of explosion which essentially sounds like a single blow. The blow is delivered so fast we can’t even see it. Because of its size, the bug produces only small explosions instead of a big one because it doesn’t have that much energy to blow.

Plenty of  beetles can secrete a foul-smelling or bad-tasting substances from their abdomens to defend against predators, but bombardier beetles really take it a little step further.

 

 

Source: http://geekinfinite.com/news/2015/05/bombardier-beetle-has-something-like-a-pair-of-gatling-guns/

 

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 Due to its unique call that distinguishes it from other local species, a highly secretive bird was found. A bird species largely unknown to biologists, as the Sichuan bush warbler was re-discovered in China.

Preferring dense forests full of foliage, this rare species make it difficult for biologists to study, which have not been observed in decades. Species have been found in 5 China provinces, where the unique call had not been matched with a physical bird up til now.

“The Sichuan bush warbler is exceedingly secretive and difficult to spot as its preferred habitat is dense brush and tea plantations. However, it distinguishes itself thanks to its distinctive song that consists of a low-pitched drawn-out buzz, followed by a shorter click, repeated in series,”  assistant curator Pamela Rasmussen at the Michigan State University Museum  said.

The bird’s genetic makeup revealed a close relation to the russet bush warbler, which lives in the same regions as the newly re-discovered species. It is believed by biologists that the 2 species last shared a common ancestor 850,000 years ago. The findings were generated through the study of animal mitochondrial DNA, which was first recognized by an international team of scientists and researchers from the United States, Vietnam, Sweden, United Kingdom and China.

Ornithologist Cheng Tso-hsin, the founder of the Peking Natural History Museum, was who the Locustella chengi was named after,  to honor Cheng, who passed away in 1989. Cheng, born in 1906, grew up a nature lover and ardent watcher of birds that reside in the forest near his abode. In 1926, he graduated from the Fujian Christian University and in 1930 earned his doctorate from the University of Michigan. A prolific author, Cheng shared his insights of biology with the outside world.

Although rarely seen, the bird species are fairly common in their habitat and is not in immediate danger of extinction. The preferred habitat for this elusive birds is at elevations around 7,500 feet above sea level, although they tend to seek out lower ground, when they are close to russets.

The Michigan State University Web site has a recorded song of the Sichuan bush warbler.

 

Source: http://www.techtimes.com/articles/50194/20150501/sichuan-bush-warbler-discovered-china-distinctive-call-give-away-new.htm

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Bat wings are equipped with highly sensitive touch sensors, giving them the ability to fly with spectacular precision. These cellular sensors are so delicate that they  respond to a slight change in airflow , scientists say.

Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University and the University of Maryland researchers were able to determine how the sense of touch played a crucial role in the bat’s navigational accuracy.

The paper  was published in the journal Cell Report  explained how sensory receptors in the wings transmitted information concerning the airflow to brain neurons, which enabled the bat to render split-second modifications in flight control.

“Until now no one had investigated the sensors on the bat’s wing, which allow it to serve as a propeller, a flipper, an airplane wing or any simple airfoil.
“The findings can shed more light how organisms use touch to guide their movement,” Cynthia F Moss, a Johns Hopkins neuroscientist said.

Moss and her team studied a common species found throughout North America, the big brown bat.  Bats are the only mammals capable of powered flights, reaching speeds up to 7 to 20 mph with the ability to perform aerial acrobatics humans wish they could replicate.
The team discovered the evolutionary process which allows bats to form wings that develop rare tactile circuitry which enhances flight control  and allow the bats in utilizing their wings to climb, capture insects and even cradle their young.

Researchers unearthed an array of sensory receptors on the bat’s wings, a number of which are bunched at the base of miniature hair that shelter the appendages.

The location of these touch cells, in both the lanceolate endings and Merkel cells, allows the bat, while in flight to sense airflow changes as air disrupt the hairs.

When the researchers stirred these hairs with short air puffs, bat’s primary somatosensory cortex neurons reacted in precisely timed, but scarce spurts of activity, that suggest this circuitry aid bats during fast and dynamic flight.

The researchers were startlingly amazed to find out that neurons in the wing skin connect to the higher parts of the spinal cord where fore limbs typically connect and also at the lower parts of the spinal cord which  would only innervate an animal’s trunk normally,

Source: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/science/Keen-sense-of-touch-allows-bats-to-fly-with-precision/articleshow/47129094.cms

 

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According to Omaha doctors, a brain-dead woman’s body was kept alive for over seven weeks for the survival of the baby she was carrying.

The 2-pound, 12.6-ounce baby boy, named Angel, was delivered recently at Methodist Hospital. His mom, 22-year-old Karla Perez, collapsed at her home in Waterloo in early February after complaining of a terrible headache. Doctors found a brain drain and established that she was brain-dead.

Her relatives advised the doctors that they wanted to do everything for the baby the she was carrying to survive. Omaha TV station KETV reports, that doctors decided they needed to keep Perez’s body alive for the baby to keep developing.

The fetus was only 22 weeks along and could not make due outside of the womb when Perez died, Dr. Todd Lovgren told TV channel WOWT.

“If we were going to give baby Angel any chance of survival, we were going to have to prolong Karla’s pregnancy as long as possible.” said Dr. Lovgren.

A group of more than 100 specialists, nurses and staff kept Perez alive for almost two months, and when her condition declined on April 4, specialists performed a C-section to deliver the baby. Angel was promptly admitted to the neonatal ICU, where he keeps on growing.

Days after the operation, Perez was announced dead and her organs were donated.

“I have no words for the attention and how they took very good care of my daughter,” Berta Perez, Angel’s grandma told WOWT.

 

Source:

http://www.kansascity.com/news/nation-world/article19947282.html