Do Antibiotics increase the risk of Juvenile arthritis in children?

Juvenile arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 17. Juvenile arthritis can cause persistent joint pain and swelling. In Philadelphia a new study was published in the journal Pediatrics where researchers different universities found that upper respiratory tract infections treated with antibiotics were more strongly linked with juvenile arthritis than untreated ones. Each round of antibiotics children are exposed to, the higher the risk of developing arthritis. Many studies that have been carried out in the past suggest that micro biome impairment and childhood antibiotic therapy for young children are linked to autoimmune diseases such as Juvenile arthritis.
Up to 9,700 American children under the age of 16 are diagnosed with juvenile arthritis every year, according to the CDC. This is a condition that involves chronic inflammation of the joints and eyes that lead to sheer pain, vision loss and at times disability as reported by studies. However, 25% of the children who develop the disease are said to be triggered genetically.
Some researchers also claim that environmental factors play an important role in how young children can develop juvenile arthritis.
A case-control study was carried out that included 45,000 children. Out of the stated sample, 152 children were diagnosed with arthritis where the researchers were able to spot a link between the usage of antibiotics and their given condition.
About 1 in 1,000 children experience juvenile arthritis, with about a quarter of those having genetic causes.
Horton comprehensively states that viral infections have been considered as a cause for juvenile arthritis; however several studies have contradicted the main idea. Children with arthritis have a higher risk for serious disease because their immune systems are weaker as compared to adults who have a better functioning immune system.
Between 4,300 and 9,700 U.S. kids under age 16 are diagnosed with juvenile arthritis each year, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, there is greater risk attached to antibiotics and that they do more damage than just treat the bacteria they are meant to treat for young children.


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