In a recent study, researchers have concluded that people who reside close to fracking sites are more likely to become sick than those who don’t. They have observed that people who are situated in such sites are prone to cardiac, neurological, dermal and urological conditions.
Fracking which is also known as ‘hydraulic drilling‘ has alarmingly rised in the US in the past decade. It is basically a type of oil and gas drilling and has resulted in people being exposed to a great deal of toxicants, social stressors, noise and and water pollution. A number of fracked wells are situated in the state of Pennsylvania.
Numerous people have been Hospitalized due to neurological disorders and heart conditions, which is most likely brought about by fracking, especially for those who reside in the vicinity of these hotspots.
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania evaluated data showing percentage of people being hospitalized in the northeastern counties, in the state. Results of this study were published in the online journal PLOS ONE, On July 15th
This study was conducted by a team of researchers, who studied the top 25 specific medical sectors for 18,000 hospitalizations in the Bradford, Susquehanna and Wayne Counties. Records revealed data from 2007 to 2011.
The team of researchers observed that individuals residing in the Bradford and Susquehanna vicinity, had a greater chance to be hospitalized by about 27%, in comparison to individuals residing in Wayne County.
From years 2007 to 2011, fracking escalated sharply in Bradford and Susquehanna. These areas have a fracked well density of over 0.79 wells per square km. Although, In Wayne, fracking is not permitted due to the county being Situated near the Delaware River watershed.
“At this point, we suspect that residents are exposed to many toxicants, noise and social stressors due to hydraulic fracturing near their homes, and this may add to the increased number of hospitalizations,” added Dr. Reynold Panettieri, Jr., deputy director of the Center of Excellence in Environmental Toxicology at the University of Pennsylvania, and senior author of the study.
Researchers believe that extensive research would help bring about conclusions as to what pollutants really are produced as a result of fracking. Also to analyze how pollutants and their deadly combinations result in greater number of people being hospitalized in those specific areas.
Moreover, further studies should be conducted, as these findings do not provide any evidence of the real cause of why fracking may lead to neuro and heart problems. It advices, taking into account health care costs to approximate the economic influences of fracking.