A new study conducted by the University of Glasgow provides evidence for life forms on planet Mars. Researchers have discovered traces of opal gemstones on the surface of the Red Planet. Scientist Martin Lee and his team examined a Martian meteorite that had fallen in Egypt in 1911 by using a scanning electron microscope.
The meteorite is named Nakhla, after a town in Egypt.
Inside the meteorite there was a small amount of fire opal, a gemstone often used in jewelry. The interesting thing is that opal is usually found near hot springs, and if the opal was found inside the meteorite than that means there is a water source on Mars, which further leads to the conclusion of microbial life present on the surface of Mars, and furthermore sometimes these life forms becomes preserved in the opal deposits as if in amber.
This discovery of opal supports and confirms imaging obtained from NASA’s rover Opportunity, which showed visuals of opal, deposits on the surface of Mars.
Scientist Martin Lee and his team examined the Martian meteorite by using a scanning electron microscope.
Lee stated that this is the first discovery of a Martian meteorite, here on Earth, containing opal.
The fact that the Martian meteorite contained opals provides a target for future experiments and studies of whether Mars ever had life in the past.
When a comet or asteroid make an impact with a planet, in this case Mars, with enough force it results in a piece of the planet or a rock from the planet breaking off and falling, escaping velocity, and making its way to Earth.
The scientists linked this meteorite to Mars because of the similar compositions between the meteorite and Mar’s atmosphere and ricks. This link was confirmed by NASA in 2013 when NASA’s Curiosity rover provided evidence of new measurements of the inert gas argon in Mar’s atmosphere.