Can Long-term Contraceptives for Teens work in New Zealand? It’s Successful in Colorado

A new research has revealed that long-term contraceptive measures are much more effective than other forms in preventing accidental pregnancies – such as pills – mostly because they do not require day to day supplementation. Results showed a decline in births for unmarried women under 25 who had not finished high school – another group vulnerable to unplanned pregnancies.

The change in numbers was particularly prominent in the poorest areas, such as Walsenburg in southern Colorado, where there is a scarcity of jobs and a high number of unplanned pregnancies. “If we want to reduce poverty, one of the simplest, fastest and cheapest things we could do would be to make sure that as few people as possible become parents before they actually want to,” Brookings Institution economist Isabel Sawhill told the New York Times

She has argued that single parenthood is a principal driver of inequality.

Susan Thompson Buffett Foundation funded the Colorado’s programme. The state failed to get public funding this year, which may slow the programme’s progress, but family planning advisers are optimistic it would not stop it.

In New Zealand, academics at the University of Otago have suggested that New Zealand needs a free, long-acting contraceptive programme in an article published in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. In the developed world, New Zealand has the second-highest teen pregnancy rate after the United States,, according to a report by the Social Policy Evaluation and Research Unit.

According to Teara, rates of births to younger women were lowest in Switzerland, Japan, the Netherlands, Sweden and Denmark. These countries all had rates of six per 1,000 or less, despite reported youthful sexual experience in Scandinavian countries. While the rate of teenage pregnancy is high in New Zealand relative to other OECD countries, the percentage of all births that are to women under 20 years old has seen a dramatic drop since the 1970s.

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