The United Nations reported that India has made progress in decreasing the defection rates in the country. More people in urban and rural areas now have access to improved quality of drinking water.
One out of every three or a total of 2.4 billion people on Earth are still without access to sanitation facilities, these figures include 946 million people who defecate in the open, according to a joint report titled “Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water: 2015 Update and MDG Assessment” which was released by the UN Children’s Fund and the World Health Organization.
The report states that India is among 16 countries that have managed to decrease defecation rates by 25%. India has shown a reduction of 31% which was termed in the report as a ‘moderate decrease’.
The report gave credit to other countries for significant improvement, in the Southern Region like Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan, who all have shown reduction of more than 30% since 1990, they had the highest numbers of open defecators.
As for India there has been no or very little change since the last 20 years, the report stated but India has met its goal of increasing drinking water resources for its people.
Nine other countries, including India, Pakistan, Belize, Egypt, Jordan, Mexico, Paraguay, Tunisia and Uganda have halved the proportion of the urban and rural population without improved drinking water.
India has managed to increase the rate of 71% in 1990 to 94% of the population who now have access to drinking water sources.
The report had it negatives too as it warned about the impact, of lack of progress in sanitation globally, on child survival and health benefits.
Maria Neira, Director of the WHO Department of Public Health, Environmental and Social Determinants of Health said “Until everyone has access to adequate sanitation facilities, the quality of water supplies will be undermined and too many people will continue to die from water-borne and water-related diseases.”