Sure it seems way to cool when you seem someone puffing away on one cigarette after another. You even wonder what it feels like to smoke, imagine yourself puffing away the the stress and worry. But if you’re someone who has never strayed into the smoking territory, it’s better not to start as a new report reveals it might be more dangerous to your health than previously thought. A new study finds that cigarette smoking is responsible for at least 345,962 cancer deaths in the U.S. each year!
Over 4000 chemical compounds are created by burning a cigarette – 69 of these chemicals are known to cause cancer. Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrogen cyanides and ammonia are all present in cigarette smoke. Forty-three known carcinogens are in mainstream smoke.
About 45% of those deaths are the result of cancers of the lung, bronchus and trachea, researchers reported Monday in the journal JAMA Internal Medicine. Another 15% of the deaths are due to colorectal cancer, 11% are due to pancreatic cancers and 6% are due to liver cancers.
Scientists have discovered that around 12 types of cancer can be caused by smoking. When these 12 cancers are pooled together, nearly half of all deaths – 48.5% – can be blamed on cigarette smoking, the researchers calculated. Out of all the cancers, lung cancer has the strongest link to smoking. The researchers estimate that 83% of lung cancer deaths in men and 76% of lung cancer deaths in women are the result of smoking.
Smoking also has an outsized role in cancers of the larynx. Fully 93% of larynx cancer deaths in women, along with 72% of larynx cancer deaths in men, are due to cigarette use, the researchers found.The next tier includes esophageal cancer (with 51% of deaths tied to smoking), mouth and throat cancers (47% of deaths due to smoking) and bladder cancer (45% of deaths linked to smoking). In another group are liver cancers, uterine and cervical cancers and stomach cancers, with 24%, 22% and 20% of deaths attributable to smoking, respectively.
Rounding out the list are kidney cancer (with 17% of deaths due to smoking), myeloid leukemia (15% of deaths traced to smoking), pancreatic cancer (12% of deaths linked to smoking) and colorectal cancer (10% of deaths tied to smoking).
To come up with these figures, the researchers – from the American Cancer Society, the National Cancer Institute, Harvard Medical School and the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center – combined data from the 2011 National Health Interview Survey, the Cancer Prevention Study II and five studies that are known as the Pooled Contemporary Cohort. The people included in the analysis were at least 35 years old, and they were more educated and less racially diverse than Americans as a whole.
The new analysis does not include cigars and pipes, however. Nor does it account for exposure to second-hand smoke, which is believed to be responsible for about 5% of lung cancer deaths. “Continued progress in reducing cancer mortality, as well as deaths from many other serious diseases, will require more comprehensive tobacco control,” they wrote.
If you are trying to quit your habit for good but finding it difficult…here are a few tips you could try to implement:
What to do when craving Nicotine? Try the simple rule of 5Ds as outlined by tricountycessation.org:
– Delay the urge to smoke then it will pass.
– Drink water, chew gum or have a healthy snack to fight cravings
– Do something else to distract your self…take a walk, call a friend, keep your hands busy by doing chores or squeezing a rubber ball.
– Deep breaths will relax you. Close your eyes and take 10 slow deep breaths or meditate.
– Discuss your thoughts and feelings with someone close to you.