Obesity, silently developing into a global epidemic

The global diabetes rate rises by about 50% in the last two decades, said a new study, as obesity and its health  complications spread  around the globe. If this is Ibola or MERS, the WHO or the CDC would be already be assembling rapid response team to contain it. But the danger lies in the complacency of global health leaders to contain.

Before it is mostly therRich countries have a prevalence of diabetes driven by an onset of obesity, in the past decades. Recently, poorer countries begun to follow suit, with upsurges from countries like China, India and Mexico.

On Monday a British Medical journal, The Lancet, published the study that reported a 45% rise in diabetes occurrence worldwide, from 1990 to 2013. Type 2 diabetes is associated with obesity affecting most people.

Death from chronic diseases like cancer and diabetes are on the rise, while, transmittable diseases like malaria and tuberculosis have declined, due to economic growth, which makes more people live longer, though governments of developing countries clamber to deal with new and expensive ways to treat the diseases.

The study is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, led by a research group, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation.  It draws more than 35,000 data sources in 188 countries.

It discovered people living with disability have increased,  a result of aging and growth in population, and the disability rate has dropped slightly, to 110 in every  1,000 people in 2013, from 114 in every 1,000 people in 1990.

The top five disabilities are iron deficiency anemia, depression, lower back pain, iron deficiency anemia, loss of hearing due to aging and  neck pain.  Infectious diseases and diarrhea saw a decrease. But diabetes cases have increased, moving from No. 10 in 1990 to No. 7 in 2013.

A professor of global health at the institute, based in the University of Washington, Theo Vos noted, that while the prevalence of diabetes cases have increased, death rates from the disease substantially lowered. Diabetics are living longer, he said, partly because medical systems have made great strides in preventing people dying from its complications.

Image: http://graphics8.nytimes.com/

More from the source: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/08/health/research/global-diabetes-rates-are-rising-as-obesity-spreads.html?_r=0

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