A massive subterranean ocean is causing all those geysers to explode on Enceladus’ surface, Scientists

NASA researchers said that Enceladus, Saturn’s sixth-largest moon, could possibly have huge drapes of vapor and ice miles high from its surface. They established that what seemed liked isolated geysers on the moon might have been optical illusions of these extensive curtain eruptions.

Years ago, researchers assumed that that Enceladus – Saturn’s sixth-largest moon, a 310-mile-wide (500 kilometers) satellite covered with a frosty shell – was cold and had no environmental activity. But in 2005, NASA’s Cassini spacecraft found icy elements and water vapor exploding from the moon.

The scientist found out that four tiger stripes initiated these eruptions. . The stripes are cracks on the Enceladus’ South Pole named after the cities Alexandria Baghdad, Cairo and Dam. A system of rifts has a tendency to transport water up from a massive subsurface ocean.

Joseph Spitale, Planetary scientist of the Planetary Science Institute in Tucson, Arizona and his associates, partially thought that these explosions were concentrated jets. However, they have currently discovered evidence that these eruptions could possibly be huge drapes of vapor and ice.

“What became evident very quickly was that a lot of the tiny little jets we looked at were real slippery — we couldn’t triangulate them. We also saw really broad areas of emissions that couldn’t be jets — they were just huge fuzz”, said Spitale.

After examining the Cassini images- which they believed were jets from Enceladus, the researchers finally reached the conclusion. The study helped the researchers widen their knowledge on the source and initiator of these eruptions.

Spitale stated that the majority of the cracks on Enceladus seemed turned-on in 5 pictures taken during a one-year period around 2009 and 2010. They were found radiating constantly at some level.

Image: http://i.kinja-img.com/

Source: http://nycity.today/content/281581-researchers-find-life-supporting-ingredients-saturn-s-moon-enceladus

 

 

 

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