In the fight against climate change, scientists and policy makers on cutting carbon emissions to a level enough to maintain the planet’s surface temperature to rise more than 2 degrees Celsius above its pre-industrial level. But a published new analysis by the Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment, on Monday said, we’re still falling short of the mark.
The 2-degree aim is pushed by experts as a climate threshold. Many argue, by staying within its limit, we keep the planet in a stable condition to avoid the dire effects of worldwide climate change.
World leaders are currently developing tangible emissions goals to reduce carbon emission for this December’s slated U.N. conference on climate change in Paris, where they hope to draw an global agreement to battle climate change with the aim to stay within the 2-degree goal. If nations areound the world would do nothing, if we stick to a “business as usual” course, our climate may warm up tomore than 4 degrees at the end of the century, experts warn.
The 3 nations with the highest emission ratings, the US, the EU and China has declared a heavy hitting emission target. The United States aims for the reduction of carbon emissions below 26 to 28 % its 2005 emissions levels by 2020, and the European Union has promised a collective cut down of emission by 40% in 2030 compared to its 1990 levels. And China pledged a recoil in carbon emissions by 2030.
These resolutions, according to Grantham’s report in combination with the worldwide projected future emissions, will not be probably enough to maintain the 2-degree boundary set for Earth’s survival.
“In thinking about where we’re going, it’s important to have an assessment now of what the sum total of those commitments might add up to,” the co-author and chair of Grantham Research Institute on Climate Change and the Environment and president of the British Academy, Nicholas Stern said.