Scientists are Still in the Dark on What’s the Real Purpose of the Unique Male Pinocchio Lizard’s Extra Elongated Nose

For over 50 years, scientists accepted that the Pinocchio lizard, otherwise called the horned anole lizard had died out. With its late rediscovery in 2005, however, the lizard is making a rebound. Presently, researchers are investigating this reptile to better support preservation endeavors.

The Pinocchio lizard is known for its long nose. Beforehand, researchers have pondered whether the nasal appendage, which is just found in the male species, served as a weapon or something to that affect in male-male communications. To figure out some more, the researchers analyzed the lizard some more closely.

In a news release, one of the researchers, Ignacio Moore, said: “It’s important that we learn as much as we can about the natural history, social behavior, and ecology of this lizard, in order to save it from true extinction,”

Amid a mission in Ecuador, the specialists caught a couple of dozen lizards. They held these reptiles in an open air facility fabricated to copy the reptiles’ natural habitat and after that watched them for a couple of days, after which the reptiles were returned back to the same branches where they were found.

“We were able to observe and videotape 11 copulation and two male-male combat scenarios,” said one of the specialists, Diego Quirola,. “The nasal appendage was not used as a weapon in these interactions, but was used as part of the social displays. The appendage is lifted during the social interactions, although what role this specific movement plays is unclear.”

In due course, the scientists are interested in knowing about the evolution of this appendage. While examination is progressing, however, the researchers have made one stride closer to learning some more about this lizard with this most recent study.

The discoveries were exhibited at the 2015 Annual Meeting of the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology.


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