Federal health officials cautioned Thursday that a drug-resistant strain of bacteria causing diarrhea is spreading in the U.S.
As per the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, travelers such as tourists and returning vacationers are bringing a drug-resistant strain of the Shigella sonnei bacteria to the United States and spreading it from one person to the other.”These outbreaks show a troubling trend in Shigella infections in the United States,” as per, CDC Director-Dr. Tom Frieden in a press release.
The CDC said that Shigella sonnei bacteria resistant to the ciprofloxacin (Cipro) antibiotic, sickened 243 individuals in 32 states and Puerto Rico between May 2014 and February 2015.
Shigella cases in the U.S. reaches 500,000 of diarrhea consistently every year, and spreads effortlessly from individual to individual through contaminated food and water.
The bacteria can spread particularly rapidly among specific groups – young children, vagrants, and gay and bi-sexual men, which is the thing that happened in the recent groups, as indicated by the CDC report.
“Drug-resistant infections are harder to treat and because Shigella spreads so easily between people, the potential for more — and larger — outbreaks is a real concern,” said Frieden.
“We’re moving quickly to implement a national strategy to curb antibiotic resistance because we can’t take for granted that we’ll always have the drugs we need to fight common infections.”
In the U.S., most Shigella is as of now resistant to the antibiotics ampicillin andtrimethoprim / sulfamethoxazole.
Around the world, Shigella resistance to Cipro is on the ascent, the CDC said in a news release.
Cipro is frequently prescribed for Americans who visit different nations on the off chance that they experience loose bowels while travelling. Further study is expected to realize what, if any, part the utilization of antibiotics by travelers may play in the developing risk of antibiotic-resistant diarrhea infections among American travelers after they return home, the CDC specialists proposed.
“The increase in drug-resistant Shigella makes it even more critical to prevent shigellosis from spreading,” report author Dr. Anna Bowen, a medical officer in CDC’s Waterborne Diseases Prevention Branch, said in the news release.
“Washing your hands with soap and water is important for everyone. Also, international travelers can protect themselves by choosing hot foods and drinking only from sealed containers,” she said.
Because of the spread of Cipro-resistant Shigella, specialists ought to utilize lab tests to figure out which antibiotic agents – if they are required – will viably treat individuals with shigellosis, the CDC said.
The report was printed in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, April 3 issue.