According to the World Cancer Research Fund, consuming three drinks of alcohol per day could be just enough for anyone to acquire liver cancer. And it’s not just that, the risk could be increased if one consumes more than just three alcoholic drink in one day. Because a ten-gram alcoholic beverage carries with it an approximated 4% risk increase, the research said.
In addition, the review also found that there is a strong link between obesity or excessive fatness and liver cancer. However, the disease can also be prevented or one can be protected against it by drinking coffee, proven by the evidence found in the review.
The WCRF is continuously updating its project and reviewing global research as to the link or relationship between diet, weight and physical activity, and liver cancer. In totality, 34 studies were analyzed covering 8.2 million people of whom more than 24,500 had liver cancer. Strong evidence have been found through previous research that there is a strong link between alcohol and many types of cancer, such as breast and bowel cancer, as well as liver cancer.
It is recommended by the WCRF that alcohol intake in male and female should be regulated if it is their goal to reduce their risk of getting cancer. Women should try to limit their alcohol intake to one drink per day and two for men. Director of WCRF UK, Amanda McLean, said in a statement that, “daily intake of three or more drinks can be enough to cause liver cancer. Until today we are not certain about the amount of alcohol that may probably lead to liver cancer. But the research reviewed in this report is strong enough to be more specific.”
In the UK, 4,703 liver cancer cases arose in 2012 alone. The report estimates that nearly a quarter of these cases could have been prevented if, and only those people maintained a healthy weight through exercise and proper diet, and avoided alcohol. Notwithstanding that, research found strong evidence that drinking coffee can reduce the risk of the disease, the report did not recommend the amount that should be taken.
Chairman of the Alcohol Health Alliance UK, Professor Sir Ian Gilmore, stated that, “the findings from this study further demonstrate the immediate need for mandatory health warnings on alcohol products.”
Moreover, Dr Sarah Jarvis, medical adviser for alcohol education charity Drinkaware, said the research revealed an alarming link with obesity, but some people had a ‘blind spot’ when it comes to the amount of calories present in alcohol. These calories are stored as fats in the body unless they are burned and used through proper exercise and other forms of physical activity. Beer contains more calories than any alcoholic drink that is why it’s best to limit its intake.
Winton professor of the public understanding of risk, University of Cambridge, Sir David Spiegelhalter, said that, “while the increase in risk of liver cancer per 10g of alcohol consumed is about 4 per cent, that level alone is highly not likely to cause cancer, especially as the report shows the increase in risk only starts at levels above 5.5 units a day. In addition,he said: “Liver cancer is rare; about one in 100 men and one in 200 women acquire it. So if one already drinks a lot, and then drink even more, your risk increases at a minimal amount.”
University of Cambridge’s professor of cancer epidemiology, Paul Pharoah, said the evidence appeared to show that three drinks a day led to “a very small” absolute increase in risk, from ten in 1,000 to 12 in 1,000 for men and 5 in 1,000 to 5.6 in 1,000 for women. He also said that, “even though the data specifically related to primary liver cancer do not support the recommendation to limit alcohol intake to one drink a day for women and two for men, there are plenty of other reasons to support the recommendations.”