The United Kingdom intend to make the world’s biggest fully secured marine reserve in South Pacific waters encompassing the Pitcairn Islands—and they are depending on satellites to help police it. Yesterday’s declaration of the 834,334-square-kilometer reserve marks the most recent move to make a mega–marine reserve, taking after comparable moves by other countries.
“This is a major development in marine conservation,” says Elliott Norse, chief scientist of the Marine Conservation Institute in Seattle, Washington. “Adding another really big, important, protected area to the world’s pathetically small list of big, imported protected areas—that’s a big thing.”
The declaration of the reserve, which will bar commercial fishing, mining, and other extractive uses, came in the U.K. government’s 2015 financial plan. It expresses that assignment of the store “will be dependent upon reaching agreement with [nongovernmental organizations] on satellite monitoring”” of reserve users, including fishing armadas, and on reaching deals with local port authorities “to prevent landing of illegal catch.” The government also wants to know “a practical naval method of enforcing” sea life protections “at a cost that can be accommodated within existing departmental expenditure limits.”
As per the Pew Charitable Trusts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, the assignment denote the first run through any administration has joined the production of a completely ensured marine reserve with a definite arrangement for observation and requirement utilizing the best in innovation. The Bertarelli Foundation in Gstaad, Switzerland, declared that it will help pay for ongoing satellite checking of the reserve for five years, as a collaboration with the Pew Foundation and a U.K.-based organization, Satellite Applications Catapult.
The new reserve will start 12 nautical miles from Pitcairn Islands’ shore, and stretch out to the full 200-nautical-mile point of confinement, enveloping 99% of the region’s selective economy zone. The Pitcairn Islands’ about 50 occupants, relatives of the HMS Bounty’s rebels, will be permitted to proceed conventional subsistence angling operations.
The store is approximately 3.5 times the extent of the United Kingdom and is home to no less than 1249 types of marine mammals, seabirds, and fish. The waters additionally hold the 40 Mile Reef, one of the deepest well created coral reef groups known. The territory is moderately untouched, protectionists say, and “there’s not a lot of places in the world’s oceans at this point that are still relatively pristine,” says Matt Rand, director of Pew’s Global Ocean Legacy project in Washington, D.C. “These places are places that need human protection if the life in them is to survive the hard times that we are headed for—the hard times that human activities are causing,” Norse says.