Many have lost their lives due to reused contaminated needles. More than 1.3 million people every year, an estimated five percent being caused by HIV.
Marc Koska who came from England had read in the newspaper a report on how the reusing of needles has spread the HIV virus around the world. Koska began his mission in 1984 while he was in the Caribbean. He spent 30 years of his endeavor to promote consciousness on the advantages of single-use needles.
“All the media could talk about was this new killer disease that was going to wipe out the planet,” Koska stated.
The World Health Organization declared new regulations to make certain that injections being used worldwide should be carefully monitored and based on sanitary standards. In the past, the WHO had recommended that healthcare workers reuse needles up to 200 times. The WHO health care now realizes that up to 40 percent of the 16 billion injections that they have administered around the world each year may be unsafe.
“A 2014 study sponsored by WHO, which focused on the most recent available data, estimated that in 2010, up to 1.7 million people were infected with hepatitis B virus, up to 315 000 with hepatitis C virus and as many as 33 800 with HIV through an unsafe injection,” WHO officials announced.
The group also advised that physicians and other health care professionals minimize the number of injections they dispense. About 90 percent of all injections that they give to patients include medicines administered under the skin known as intradermal injections through a muscular route.
Most patients prefer injections when they see a doctor at their office or clinic thinking that injections are a more effective treatment than any medication taken. As a result, most health care workers give shots that are partly placebo even when oral medication is just as effective. In the developing world, health care workers who have minimal incomes may receive extra earnings when they give injections.
Smart syringes are intended to be impossible to reuse and to protect those who give the injections. Some models feature needles that retract into the syringe after the drug is injected and others give clips or plungers that break, keeping it from being retracted.
Officials now at the WHO are urging health workers to deliver injections through the new smart syringes by the year 2020.