Type 1 Diabetes Leads to Fatal Cardiovascular Diseases More Often than Stroke In Women

Why is it that women seem often to get the losing side of the deal? When it comes to breast cancer, women have a higher death rate compared to men. Now, here comes type 1 diabetes. It’s the same thing all over again.

Please continue reading and see what I mean.  I have nothing to do with all these. I’m just the writer.

Another fact regarding diabetes issues was yet discovered that women with type 1 diabetes are more prone to a life threatening illness than men. They are more susceptible to fatal or non-fatal heart diseases.

“On average, women live longer than men. But, our findings show that in women with

Type 1 diabetes, this ‘female protection’ seems to be lost and excess deaths in women with type 1 diabetes are higher than in men with the disease,” said Rachel R Huxley, Dphil, in an interview with the press.  Dr Huxley is the lead study author with the University of Queensland in Australia. On this regard, Dr Huxley and colleagues had put their attention on PubMed to acquire more data that were published from January 1 1966 to November 26 2014 that reported as to what sex has the most mortality ratios or hazard ratios connected to deaths caused by illness triggered by type 1 diabetes.

26 studies were said to have been made in a meta-analysis which included 214,114 participants and 15,273 events. Results of the research show men and women combined ratio of standardized mortality ratio which is as follows:

  • All-cause mortality 1.37 ( 95% CI , 1.21 –1.56)
  • Incident stroke 1.37 ( 95% Cl, 1.03-1.81)
  • Fatal renal disease 1.44 (95% CI, 1.2 –2.05)
  • Fatal cardiovascular diseases  1.86 ( 95% CI, 1.62-2.15)

Researchers found that the result merging both women and men to a standardized mortality rate show that there are more episodes of coronary disease in women at a ratio of 2.54 (95% 1.80-3.60). There were no records though that shows which sex has a greater risk of cancer and suicide incidents in patients with type 1 diabetes.

“The marked difference between the sexes for vascular-related disease is likely to have profound clinical implications for how women with type 1 diabetes are treated and managed throughout their lives,” Dr. Huxley said

“A recent joint statement issued by the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association concluded that further research into racial and ethnic differences and improved cardiovascular risk-prediction methods in people with type 1 diabetes is needed. In light of our findings, we argue that this statement should be extended to include sex differences.”

In conclusion, the study must still focus on how to help patients in managing and improving glycemic control.

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