New Research From Combined 3 US Prestigious Universities Connect Pessimism to Cardiovascular Diseases.

Seeing life as a patch of thorn bushes instead of a rose garden will probably give you a higher chances of suffering a heart attack. Negative thoughts are dangerous, according to a published research study in the journal Health Behavior and Policy Review

“Individuals with the highest levels of optimism have twice the odds of being in ideal cardiovascular health compared to their more pessimistic counterparts,” said the study’s lead author Rosalba Hernandez, a professor of social work at the University of Illinois, in a university news report. “This association remains significant, even after adjusting for socio-demographic characteristics and poor mental health.”

Hernandez and fellow researchers from Northwestern University, Chapman University, Harvard University, and Drexel University did a study on the connection between optimism and cardiovascular conditions involving 5,100 adults ages 52 to 84 between 2002 and 2004.

The researchers took special interest in the activity, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels of the participants. Emphasis was also placed on the body mass index, diet, blood pressure, and smoker status. These are the similar to the seven criteria utilized by the American Heart Association (AHA) to evaluate heart conditions.

The factor rating is as follow: 0 means poor, 1 for average or intermediate, 2 for ideal. The scores are then added to determine the heath rating of the heart. The higher the rating, the healthier the heart of the participant.

Additional surveys on mental health, optimism, and physical health were completed by each participant. They were also asked to inform the researchers if they had underlying medical conditions such as arthritis, liver disease, or kidney disease.


Science Daily reported that the results of the research was that the most optimistic participants had a higher chance of getting more than 50 percent to get an intermediate score, and 76 percent had better chances of obtaining ideal score.

The research was composed of 38% white, 28% African-American, 22% Hispanic/Latino and 12 percent Chinese. The participants constitute a segment of the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis or MESA, a wider continuing examination of people who shows no sign of cardiovascular disease, about 6,000 of them, located in the United States’ 6 regions.

Last July 14, 2014, a related MESA research found out that among middle-aged and older individuals, there was an increased danger of stroke in connection with feeling antagonism and despair.

The National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health sponsors MESA.



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